Most of them are caused by ultraviolet radiation in sunlight. And there are other factors that can cause cancer as well, such as prolonged exposure to dangerous toxins. or a weakened immune system. The risk factors for skin cancer are as follows at UFABET:
- Have pale skin because the skin has less pigment.
- Staying in the sun for too long without using protective equipment or apply sunscreen
- live in a region with strong sunlight or in high places
- An unusually large number of moles or fleas
- Family history of skin cancer or the patient has had skin cancer before
- have weak immunity are HIV-infected
- Long-term exposure to harmful radiation
- Have a history of exposure to chemicals such as arsenic or exposure to chemicals for a long time
Skin cancer has symptoms that appear on the skin. can be seen with the naked eye and can occur throughout the body Especially around the arms, legs, hands, face, or areas that have been exposed to sunlight for a long time. The symptoms of skin cancer vary according to the type of skin cancer as follows:
Basal cell skin cancer The obvious symptom is that there will be a pink, red blister with a smooth, shiny skin. and often have small capillaries scattered around the blister area Sometimes it looks scaly or flaky. The papilla from this type of cancer grows slowly. and will continue to grow until the wound may finally break causing bleeding and becoming a chronic wound
squamous cell skin cancer Symptoms of this type of cancer begin as a pink or red blister and the top may look flaky or scaly. When touched, the lesion will feel stiff and bleed easily. The lesion will gradually enlarge and eventually become a chronic sore.
melanoma skin cancer lesions that occur on the skin of this type of cancer The embryo looks like a mole or fleck, but grows quickly, has uneven boundaries, and may be uneven in color. However, the wound may scab or bleed as well.
self preliminary examination This can be done by observing skin abnormalities. If there is an abnormal looking blister or have chronic wounds on the skin that are often exposed to the sun, should see a doctor for a clear examination
diagnosis by doctor by observing the abnormality of the skin again. If the abnormal area is suspected to be cancer The doctor will take a biopsy and take a skin sample from the suspected area for pathological examination. which is an accurate method
In addition, there are some skin symptoms. That if detected The doctor may place the patient in the pre-cancer stage and must closely monitored. Because of these symptoms, there is a risk that it may turn into skin cancer. The skin symptoms that should observed as follows.
- Scabs on the wound caused by frequent exposure to sunlight for a long time
- convex bumps that look thick and hard The skin at the base of the blister is red.
- have chronic wounds that cannot heal
- Abnormally shaped moles or flecks is larger than normal, expands rapidly, or has a different color than usual
skin cancer treatment
Treatment methods for divide according to the stage of the detected. The type that is Because each type of treatment will work differently for each type. The most popular cancer treatment methods currently used are as follows:
Scraping and electrocautery
Suitable for patients with melanoma whose tumor size is relatively small. The doctor will use a special device that looks like a small spoon to remove the cancerous area. Then an electric current is applie to the surrounding tissue. This method may have todone 2-3 times in a row to able to completely remove the cancer.
This method is mostly use for early stage. By using liquid nitrogen to hijack the skin of the cancerous area. The skin in that area will scab. After about a month, those scabs will fall off. This treatment may leave a small white scar on the skin.
It is a standard surgery. Which cancerous masses in the skin and surrounding tissues are removed. If the surgical area is large. May bring skin from other parts to cover the wound to make the wound heal faster. and will make the scar less